Yonkyu Promotion Requirements
  Minimum Age: No Minimum Minimum time at Gokyu:  3 months  
  Typical time at Gokyu: 6 months  
     
  The formal part of the promotion consists of 1/2 written and 1/2 performance. The written is made up of General Information and Vocabulary while the performance is the actual demonstration of throws, hold-downs, arm-bars, chokes, and various other techniques.  Click on the hyperlinks below to hear the names in Japanese.  
     
 

General Information

 
 

Judo Ranks

 
 
Judan 10th Degree Red Obi
Kudan 9th Degree Red Obi
Hachidan 8th Degree Red & White Obi
Shichidan 7th Degree Red & White Obi
Rokudan 6th Degree Red & White Obi
Godan 5th Degree Black Obi
Yodan 4th Degree Black Obi
Sandan 3rd Degree Black Obi
Nidan 2nd Degree Black Obi
Shodan 1st Degree Black Obi
Ikkyu 1st Class Brown Obi
Nikyu 2nd Class Brown Obi
Sankyu 3rd Class Brown Obi
Yonkyu 4th Class Green Obi
Gokyu 5th Class Orange Obi
Rokkyu 6th Class Yellow Obi
 
     
     
 

Two Slogans Of Judo

 
  Seiryoku Zenyo - Maximum Efficient Use of Mind and Body
Jita Kyoei - Mutual Benefit and Welfare
 
     
  You must know these 2 slogans of Judo!!  
     
     
 

Name The 3 Elements Of A Successful Judo Throw

 
  Kuzushi - Balance                      Tsukuri - Entry                       Kake - Execution  
     
     
 

Judo History

 
  Judo was formalized as a sport in 1882 by Jigoro Kano who opened the Kodokan (School for the study of the way) in Tokyo, Japan.  Judo was first introduced as an Olympic sport in 1964 in Tokyo, Japan.  
     
  Unarmed combat in Japan was called Jujutsu, which means "The Gentle Art" and was practiced for about 600-1000 years before Judo was created.  
     
     
 

Count To 10 In Japanese

 
 
Ichi - One San - Three Go - Five Shichi - Seven Ku - Nine
Ni - Two Shi - Four Roku - Six Hachi - Eight Ju - Ten
 
     
     
 

Name The 3 Parts Of Unarmed Combat

 
 
Striking Techniques Atemi Waza
Throwing Techniques Nage Waza
Grappling Techniques Ne Waza
 
     
     
 

Name The 2 Divisions Of Throwing Techniques

 
 
Standing Techniques Tachi Waza
Sacrifice Techniques Sutemi Waza
 
     
     
 

Name The 3 Divisions Of Standing Throwing Techniques

 
 
Hand Techniques Te Waza
Hip/Waist Techniques Koshi Waza
Foot/Leg Techniques Ashi Waza
 
     
     
 

Happo No Kuzushi (Eight Directions of Off-Balancing)

 
 
Hidari Mae Sumi Ma Mae Migi Mae Sumi
     
Hidari Yoko (from Uke's perspective) Migi Yoko
     
Hidari Ushiro Sumi Ma Ushiro Migi Ushiro Sumi
 
     
     
 

Methods Of Walking In Judo

 
 
Normal Way of Walking Ayumi Ashi
Following Foot Way of Walking Tsugi Ashi
 
     
     
 

Postures Of Judo

 
 
Shizen Hontai - Basic Natural Posture Jigo Hontai - Basic Defensive Posture
Migi Shizentai - Right Natural Posture Migi Jigotai - Right Defensive Posture
Hidari Shizentai - Left Natural Posture Hidari Jigotai - Left Defensive Posture
 
     
     
 

Name The 2 Divisions Of Sacrifice Throwing Techniques

 
 
Straight Sacrifice Techniques Ma Sutemi Waza
Side Sacrifice Techniques Yoko Sutemi Waza
 
     
     
 

Name The 3 Divisions Of Mat Techniques

 
 
Strangulation Techniques Shime Waza
Joint Locking Techniques Kansetsu Waza
Immobilization Techniques Osaekomi Waza
 
     
     
 

Ultimate Goal of Judo as Defined by Jigoro Kano:

 
  The harmonious development and eventual perfection of human character.  
     
     
 

Tactical Variables for Randori/Shiai

 
 
  G - Grip   P - Posture
  E - Edge of the Mat   A - Angle of Attack
  T - Tempo   D - Defense
 
     
     
 

Vocabulary

 
 
Judo The Gentle Way   Kiotsuke Attention
Rei Bow   Judoka Judo Players
Ukemi Falls   Dojo Practice hall
Judogi Judo Uniform   Ashi Foot/leg
Soto Outside   Harai or Barai Sweep
Eri Collar/Lapel   O Major
Uchi Inside   Ko Minor
Gari Reap   Koshi or Goshi Hip
Sensei Teacher   Uchikomi Practice w/o throwing
Hiza Knee   Uke Receiver of a technique
Gyaku Reverse   Waza Technique
Tori Giver of a technique   Randori Free Practice
Nami Normal   Ude Arm
Juji Cross   Hidari Left
Yoko Side   Seoi Shoulder
Migi Right   Kake Execution of a technique
Ippon (tournament call) One Point!   Nage Throw
Hajime Begin   Obi Belt
Kumi Command to Grip Gi   Hai Yes
Kesa Scarf   Matte Stop
Iie No   Kata Shoulder
Gatame or Katame Lock/Hold   Shime or Jime Choke/Strangle
Uki Floating   Rokkyu 6th Class Rank
Seiza Sitting on Knees   Anza Sitting Cross-legged
 
     
     
 
Ju Gentle   Do Way
Kuzure Modified/Broken   De Advanced
Maitta I surrender Dan Black Belt Grade
Waza Ari 1/2 Point   Yuko Major Minor Point
Koka Minor Minor Point   Ushiro Rear
Osaekomi Hold Down   Yonkyu 4th Class Rank
Gokyu 5th Class Rank   Kyu Student Ranks
Kuzushi off-balancing   Okuri Sliding
Ayumi Ashi Normal Way of Walking   Guruma Wheel
Zempo Kaiten Ukemi Forward Rolling Fall   Tsugi Ashi Following Foot Way of Walking
Shiho 4 Corners   Kami Upper
Tai Body   Te Hand
Otoshi Drop   Tsurikomi Lift-pull
Sasae Propping   Tate Vertical or Upper
Shiai Contest   Domo Arigato Thank you!
Yoko Side   Morote Two Hands
 
     
     
 
Tai Sabaki Body Turning   Sumi Corner
Hon Fundamental/Basic   Toketa Hold Down Broken
Tatami Straw Mats   Yoshi Continue
Sore Made That's All!   Sono Mama Don't Move!
Waza-ari Awasete Ippon 2 half points equal 1 point   Happo No Kuzushi Eight Directions of Off-Balancing
Kumikata Forms of Gripping   Hansoku Make Disqualification
Keikoku 1/2 Point Penalty   Shido Minor-Minor Penalty
Chui Major-Minor Penalty   Jigotai Defensive Posture
Sankyu 3rd Class Rank   Nikyu 2nd Class Rank
Ikkyu 1st Class Rank   Shodan 1st Degree Black Belt
Nidan 2nd Degree Black Belt   Sandan 3rd Degree Black Belt
Yodan 4th Degree Black Belt   Godan 5th Degree Black Belt
Rokudan 6th Degree Black Belt   Shichidan 7th Degree Black Belt
Hachidan 8th Degree Black Belt   Kudan 9th Degree Black Belt
Judan 10th Degree Black Belt   Waki Arm-pit
Gonosen No Kata Forms of Counter Throwing   Itsutsu No Kata Forms of Five Principles
Nage No Kata Forms of Throwing   Katame No Kata Forms of Grappling
Kata Prearranged Forms   Tsukuri Entry Into A Technique
Jita Kyoei Mutual Benefit and Welfare   Seiryoku Zenyo Maximum Efficient Use Of
Mind and Body
Uwagi Jacket
         
 
     
     
 

Performance Requirements

 
 
 

Techniques

Quantity Required

  Throws 18
  Throwing Combinations 7
  Throwing Defenses 6
  Counter Throwing 4
  Kumi Kata 7
  Grip Breaking 3
  Hold Downs 9
  Hold Down Escapes 9
  Chokes 10
  Arm Bars 8
  Miscellaneous 15
     
  Kata (Choose 1)  
  Nage No Kata First Set
  Katame No Kata First Set
  Renraku No Kata First Set