||The Gokyo No
Waza (the Five Courses of Instruction) formulated by the Kodokan in 1895
are generally regarded as essential to the study of throwing techniques.
Originally, the Gokyo No Waza consisted of 42 techniques, now termed the
Kyu (former) Gokyo No Waza. In 1920, the Kodokan revised the Gokyo No
Waza to consist of 5 groups of 8 techniques, totaling 40 techniques in
all. On October 5, 1982 (the 100th anniversary of the Kodokan), the
Shimmeisho No Waza was formalized, adding 25 new techniques. On April
10, 1997, Ippon Seoi Nage and Sode Tsurikomi Goshi were added to the
list of approved techniques.
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